Call 480-294-1001 
All are welcome except 
telemarketers!

Arizona Hombu Dojo

School of Traditional Karate, Kobudo, Self-Defense & Samurai Arts

JAPANESE in the DOJO

TITLES USED IN MARTIAL ARTS

Sensei - instructor
Shihan-Dai - Lower Master Instructor
Shihan - Master Instructor
Dai-Shihan - Above Master (great master)
Soke - Grandmaster, president
Sokeshodai - First generation grandmaster.
Soke-Dai - Vice President
Kyoju - Professor.
Hanshi - refers to a senior expert considered as "teacher of teachers." 
Kyoshi - refers to an advanced teacher. 
Renshi - "one who has mastered himself."
Senpai - senior
Yudansha - black belt members
Mudansha - lower rank (kyu) members
Okuden - refers to entrance to the secret ways - sometimes equivalent to Senpai (may referred to 1st and 2nd dan black belt students). 


EXERCISES 

Kihon - Basics
Undo - Calisthenic exercises
Junbi undo -preparation exercises.
Kubi no undo: -Neck exercises.
Ude no undo - arm exercises.
Ashi no undo - leg exercises.
Shitai Kori - body hardening
Fukkin no Undo - sit up exercises
Ude Tate no Undo - push up exercises


KUMITE

Ippon kumite - one step sparring, typically used for self defense drills 
Sanbon kumite - three step sparring, typically used to develop speed, strength, and technique 
Kiso kumite - structured sparring drawn from a kata (bunkai).  
Jiyu kumite - free sparring 
Randori- Free sparring in Judo 
Kachinuki - old style contests
Shiai ? local contests


GREETINGS or RESPONSES

Hai - affirmation, as in 'yes' (should be used whenever you are corrected by your sensei)
Iie - no
Domo - thanks
Gomen nasai - Excuse me
Onegiashimasu - Please
Wakarimasu - I understand.
Wakarimasen - I don?t understand
Sumimasen - apology, sorry


COUNTING

Ichi, Ni, San, Shi (Yo or Yon), Go Roku, Shichi (Nanna), Hachi, Ku, Ju (counting to 10)
10 to 19 - add Ju as a prefix. Thus 11 is Juichi.
Time - add ji as suffix thus one o?clock is Ichiji.


UNIFORM 

Obi - belt
Gi - training uniform
Karategi - karate uniform
Judogi - judo uniform
Hakama - traditional pleated and bloused pant


DOJO

Kamiza- Front of dojo (as one enters, this is what they face. 
Shomen - front, same as the Kamaza
Kamidana - shelf or shrine containing luminary of the art.
Shimoza - back of the dojo (lower seat).
Joseki - The right side of dojo as one enters - where upper level students line up.
Shimoseki - Left side of dojo.
No-Geiko - training outside in the elements.
Kanban - posters or displays
Hiegakure - that which is hidden from ordinary sight
Tatami - mats


KOBUDO - KOBUJUTSU

Hojojutsu - the art using a hojo cord (rope).
tanto - dagger
Tonfa - rice grinder handles ? or baton with handle
Ryu fundo kusari - weighted chain
manrikigusari - chain
Tessen - iron fans
Kusarigama - kama with weighted chain
Naginata Halberd
Yari - spear
Bo - wooden staff (usually 6 feet in length).
Hanbo - half staff (3 foot in length).
Tsune - Cane 
Tanbo - short stick
Kuboton - hand stick
Kioga - collaspable baton
Eku -oar
Tekko - knuckle duster
Surushin - weighted chain
Katana - samurai sword
Kama - sickle
Gama - two sickles
Nunchuku - nunchuks
Sai - three pronged knife
Kumade (Ra-ke) - rake
Kuwa - hoe
Sojutsu - methods of the spear
Kagi - Car Keys


JUJUTSU - JUDO

Nihon jujutsu - Japanese jujutsu
Tori - the practitioner who carries out the throw or technique
Uke - (Partner) the practitioner who accepts the throw or technique
Atemi - strike
Sengoku jujutsu (ancient jujutsu techniques known as Nihon koryu jujutsu)
Edo Jujutsu (old style jujutsu)
Gendai jujutsu - modern jujutsu
Goshin jujutsu - non-traditional jujutsu lacking in lineage
Judoka- practitioner of judo (term usually reserved for those who are 4th dan or higher).
Benkyo-ka - "scholar"
kenkyu-sei - "trainees", practitioners below the rank of 4th dan
Kodokan - place for teaching the way (Institute for Judo in Tokyo)
Nage-waza - throwing techniques, 
Ne-waza - groundwork 
Kansetsu-waza - Joint locks
Te-waza - hand techniques. 
Koshi-waza - hip techniques,
Ashi-waza - foot and leg techniques.
Mae-sutemi-waza - sacrifice techniques in which the thrower falls forward. 
Ushiro-sutemi-waza - sacrifice techniques in which the thrower falls directly backwards. 
Yoko-sutemi-waza - Sacrifice techniques in which the thrower falls onto his side. 
Kansetsu-waza - Joint locks.
Shime-waza - strangle or chokeholds.
Osaekomi-waza - pinning techniques
Ukemi-waza - falling techniques 


MARTIAL ARTS STYLES - SYSTEMS

Hozoin Ryu - Japanese spear system
Karate - art of the empty hand
Kobudo - art of ancient weapons
Shorin-Ryu - Pine forest style or Shaolin style of karate
Jujutsu - art of softness or way of yielding.
Judo - translates as gentle way.
Yarijutsu - spear fighting system
Sojutsu - spear martial art
Iaido - the way of sword
Kenjutsu - sword applications
Budo - martial arts ways
Bujutsu - fighting methods
Bushido - the way of the warrior
Kyusho jutsu - Pressure point striking
Toide - ancient Okinawan art of grappling, joint manipulation and joint separation

DOJO KUN 

Karate ni sente nashi - There is no first attack in karate
Makoto no michi o mamoru koto - Have devotion in seeking a true way 
Reigi o omonjiru koto - Always act with good manners.
Doryoku no seishin o yashinau koto - Cultivate a spirit of effort and perseverance.
Kekki no yu o imashimeru koto - Refrain from violent and uncontrolled behavior 
Jinkaku kansei ni tsutomeru koto - Work to perfect your character.
OPENING & CLOSING TRAINING CEREMONies
 Pronunciation
 Translation
Seiretsu (or) Kiotsuke
 Seh-reh-soo (or) Keh-oh-tsu-keh
 Line up (or) Attention
Otaga ni rei
Oh-tah-gah nee reh
 Bow to one another
 Shomen ni rei
Show-men nee reh 
 Bow to the Dojo Shomen (front)
Soke (Sensei, etc) ni rei
Soh-keh nee reh
Bow to head founder (or instructor)
 END OF TRAINING CEREMONY
 
 
Seiretsu (or) Kiotsuke
 
 
 Mokuso
 Moh-ka-soh
Meditate 
Recite Monthly Dojo Kun (see above)
Otaga ni rei
 
 
Shomen ni rei
 
Soke (Sensei, etc) ni rei
 
Click to edit text
Domo arigoto gozaimasu 
Doe-moe Ah-reh-gah-toh Goh-zah-ee-mas 
Thank you very much
Greetings, Responses, Misc
Japanese or Okinawan
 
Pronounciation
 
English
Arigato-gozaimasu
  Ah-reh-gah-toh Goh zah-ee-mas
Thank you very much
 Hajime
 Hah-jee-meh
 Begin
 Kawate (Kamaete)
 Kah-wah-teh
 On guard
 Doitashimaste
 Doh-ee-tash-ee-mahs-teh
 You're welcome
 Kiotsuke
 Kee-oh-skay
Attendtion! 
 Matte
 Mah-teh
 Wait
 Mawatte
 Mah-wah-teh
 Turn around
 Onegai Shimasu
 Oh-neh-guy She-mas
 Please teach me
 Osu
 Yoosh
 An everyday greeting also "I understand"
Omote 
 Oh-moh-teh
 Visible & understandable techniques
Otagai ni Tashi
 Oh-tah-gah nee ta-she
 Face each other
Rei 
 Ray
 Bow to show respect
Sensei ni Rei 
 Sen-seh nee Ray
 Bow to the instructor
 Shomen ni Rei
 Sho-men ni ray
 Bow to the front of dojo
 Shugo
 Shoo-go
Line up, gather up 
 Soro-soro
 So-row so-row
Slowly
 Souji
 Soh-jee
Dojo cleaning by students
 Shaolin-si
 Sha-oh-lynn see
 Small forest temple
 Tien Hsueh
 Tee-eh-n Suh-eh
 Vital point strikes
 Ura
 Err-ah
 Hidden techniques
 Ushiro
 Oo-she-roh
 Back
 Yame
 Yah-meh
 Stop
 Yoi
 yoy
 Attention, ready
 Meigakure
Mah-gah-ku-ray 
Intentionally hidden from outsiders  
 Koryu
Koal-roo
Old traditional schools
 Kuden
Koo-den 
 Secret
 Kote Kitae
 Koal-teh Kee-tie
 Body Hardening
 Nitten Souji 
 Knee-ten
Daily dojo cleaning by students 
 Ma
 Maa
 Distance and timing
Chuden 
 Shoe-den
 Middle Level
Jodan
 Joe-don
 Upper level
Migi 
 Mee-ghee
 Right
Hidari 
He-dar-ee 
 Left
Mae 
My
 Front
Ki 
Key
 Intermal energy
Okurasu Goroshi 
Oh-koo-rah-sew Goh-row-she 
 Delayed killing strike
Hitotsuki Hitogeri 
Hee-tow-tsu-key Hee-tow-ghe-ree 
One-punch, one kick knockout strikes 
 Hai
 Hi-ee
 Yes
 Iie
 Ee-aaa
 No
 Domo
 Doe-moe
 Thanks
 Gomen nasai
 Go-men Na-sai
 Excuse Me
 Onegaiashimasu
 O-neh-guy-ash-ee-mas
 Please
 Wakarimasu
 Wah-ka-reh-ee-mas
 I understand
 Wakarimasen
 Wah-ka-reh-mas-sen
 I don't understand
 Sumimasen
 Su-mee-mas-en
 I'm sorry
 imi
 ee-me
 Meaning or purpose
 Kime
 Kee - may
 Focus, power, presure point
 Chinkuchi
 Cheen-koo-chi
 Hip rotation for increasing striking power
Body Parts
Japanese
 
Pronounciation
 
English
Ago
  ah-goh
  Jaw
 Ashi
 ah-she
 Leg, foot
 Ashi-kubi
 ah-she koo-bee
 Ankle
 Atama
 ah-tah-mah
 Head
 Hana
 hah-nah
 Nose
 Haito
 hai-toe
 Ridge Hand
 Hiji
 He-jee
 Elbow
 Hiraken
 He-rah-ken
 Knuckles
 Hiza
 He-zah
 Knee
 Kakato
 Kah-kah-toe
 Heel
 Ken
 Ken
 Fist
 Koshi
 Koh-she
Hips, ball of foot
 Kubi
 Koo-bee
 Neck
 Me
 Meh
 Eye
 Mune
 Moo-neh
 Chest
 Naka daka ken
Nah-kah Dah-kah ken
 Middle finger knuckle fist
 Oya-yubi
 Oh-yah yoo-bee
 Thumb
 Shinkei
 Shin-keh
 Nerve
 Soku
 Soo-koo
 Foot
 Suigetsu
 Soo-ee-geh-tsu
 Solar Plexus
 Sune
 Soo-neh
 Shin
 Te
 Teh
 Hand
 Teisho
 Teh-ee-sho
 Palm heel
 Te-kubi
 Teh Koo-bee
 Wrist
 Tettsui
 Teh-tsu-ee
 Hammer fist
 Tori guchi
 Toh-reh gu-chee
 Finger tips (bird beak)
 Tsumasaki
 Tsu-mah-sah-key
 Toe tips
 Ude
 Oo-day
 Forearm, arm
 Yubi
 You-bee
 Finger
 Mimi
 Mee-mee
 Ear
 Kaminoke
 Kah-mee-noh-kay
 Hair
 Kuchi
 Koo-chee
 Mouth
 Hara
 Hah-rah
 Stomach
Dachi, Tachi (Stances)
Japanese

 Pronounciation
 
English
Genkanku (Tsuri-ashi) Dachi
  ghen-kah-koo dah-chee
  Crane leg stance
 Kamae (kumite) dachi
  kah-mah eh
  Fighting posture stance
 Heisoku-dachi
 hay-sow-koo dah-chee
 Closed foot stance
 Iaigoshi-dachi
 ee-ai-go-shi dah-chee
 Kneeling stance
 Kiba-dachi
 key-bah dah-chee
 Horse riding stance
 Kokutsu-dachi
 kow-koo-tsu dah-chee
 Back stance
 Kosa (juji) dachi
 kow-sah dah-chee
 cross-legged stance
 Musubi-dachi
 moo-tsu-be dah-chee
 Heels-together stance
 Neko-ashi-dachi
 neh-koh ah-she dah-chee
 Cat stance
 Shiko-dachi
 she-kow dah-chee
 Sumo stance
 Sochin (fudo, sanchin)-dachi
 So-chin dah-chee
 Immovable stance
 Zenkutsu-dachi
 zen-koo-tsu dah-chee
 Front stance
 Migi-dachi
 Mee-gee dah-chee
 Right Stance (right-foot foward)
 Hidari-dachi
 He-dah-ree dah-chee
 Left stance
 Yoko-dachi
 yo-kow dah-chee
 Side facing stance
 Hachi (hangetsu) dachi
 Hah-chee dah-chee
 Pigeon-toe stance
 Toboku-dachi
 toh-boh-koo dah-chee
 T-stance
 Soto-hachiji (yoi) dachi
 Soh-toh hah-chee-jee dah-chee
 Natural stance
Uke (blocks)
Japanese
 
Pronounciation
 
English
Age Uke
  Ah-gay oo-kay
  Rising block
 Jodan uke
 joe-don oo-kay
 High block
 Gedan barai (gedan uke)
 gay-don bah-rye
 downward block
 Soto-uke (ude uke)
 So-toe oo-kay
 Outward block
 Uchi uke
 oo-chee oo-kay
 Inward block
 Hari uke
 hah-rae oo-kay
 sweeping block
 Hasami uke
 hah-sah-me oo-kay
 sissor block
 Hiji uke
 he-jee oo-kay
 elbow block
 Juji uke (kosa-uke)
 jew-jee oo-kay
 cross block
 Magetori barai uke
mah-geh-toh-ree bah-rye oo-kay 
 rising double-knife hand block
 Shuto uke
 shoe-toe oo-kay
Open hand block 
 Torite-uke
 toh-ree-teh oo-kay
 grasping block
 Teisho-uke (shotei-uke)
 Tie-sho oo-kay
 Palm heel block
 Ashi-uke
 ah-she oo-kay
 Leg block
Geri, Keri (Kicks)
Japanese
 
Pronounciation
 
English
Ashi barai
  ah-she-bah-rye
Leg sweep
Hiza-geri
 hee-zah-geh-ree
knee kick 
 Keage
 key-ah-geh
 snap (kick)
 Kekomi
 key-ko-mee
 thrust (kick)
 Kinteki Geri
 Keen-tay-kee-geh-ree
 Groin kick
 Mae-Geri
 My-geh-ree
 Front kick
 Mawashi-geri
 may-wah-she-geh-ree
 Roundhouse kick
 Age-mawashi-geri
ah-geh-way-wah-she-geh-ree 
 Rising roundhouse kick
 Kozumi geri
 Koh-zoo-mee geh-ree
  Crescent kick
 Mae-tobi-geri
 My-toh-bee geh-ree
 Flying front kick
 ushiro geri
 oo-she-row geh-ree
 back kick
 Ura maewashi-geri
 oo-rah mah-wah-she geh-ree
 Back roundhouse kick (spinning kick)
 Yoko-geri
 yoh-koh geh-ree
 Side kick
 Tsumasaki-geri
 Sue-ma-sock-ee geh-ree
 Toe kick
Uchi (Strikes)
Japanese

 Pronounciation
 
English
Age zuki (tsuki) 
 ah-gay tsu ki
 Rishing punch
Oi zuki
 oy zoo key
  step punch
Gyaku zuki
gee ah koo zoo key
Opposite hand punch
Chudan zuki
shoe-don-zoo-key
middle level punch  
Gedan zuki
Gay don zoo key
low level punch
Ippon Ken
 ee-pon-ken
 one knuckle punch
Jodan tsuki
 joe-don-zoo-kee
 high punch (similar to age zuki)
Kaku zuki
 kah koo zoo kee
 hook punch
Morote zuki
 mow-row-tay-zoo kee
 augmented punch
Sayu zuki
 say you zoo kee
 double side punch
Nukite 
 new key tay
 spear hand
Toride uchi
 toh ree day oo chee
 chicken hand strike
Haito uchi
 high tow oo chee
 ridge hand strike
Kentsui uchi
 Ken zoo ee oo chee
 hammerfist strike
Shuto uchi
 shoe toe oo chee
 knife hand strike
Uraken uchi 
Reiken uchi
oo ra ken oo chee
 backfist
Yubi uchi 
oo bee oo chee 
 finger or thumb strike
Atemi-waza
ah-tem-ee-waa-zaa 
 Vital point strike
Teisho uchi 
 tie show oo chee
 palm heel strike
Hiji (empi) ate
 hee-jee-ah-tay
 Elbow smash
Empi uchi
em-pee-oo-chee
Elbow strike 
Shotei (teisho)-ate 
show-tay-ah-tay
Palm-heel smash
Age-empi-uchi 
 ah-gay-em-pee-oo-chee
 Rising elbow strike
Yoko-empi-uchi 
 yo-koh-em-pee-oo-chee
 Side elbow strike
 Ushiro-empi-uchi
 oo-shee-row-em-pee-oo-chee
 Backward elbow strike
 Hiji-soto-uchi
 hee-jee-sow-tow-oo-chee
 inward elbow strike
 Boshi-ken uchi
 Bo-she-ken oo-chee
 Thumb fist strike
google046f8c59b211a6a8.html